Recognition, Redistribution and Popular Participation: Towards an Integrative Judicial Policy


Research Coordinator: Dr. Alexandre Mendes

Participants: Justice Forum Articulators


This study plan seeks to guide, within the scope of the Forum Justice articulation, an engaged research on the relationship between social movements and the production and universalization of rights, based on three main axes that define the reading script. In the first, we will try to define the characteristics of this relationship with the use of three distinct but articulated time frames. The objective in this topic is to understand: (a) period “I”, referring to Brazilian democratization and the entry into the scene of new social movements and mobilizations; (b) period “II”, concerning the emergence of Zapatista autonomy (Mexico) and the emergence of a series of global struggles within political and economic globalization (Seattle, Genoa and the world social forums); (c) period “III”, concerning the consolidation of the struggles against neoliberalism in Latin America and the attempt to build a radical world alternative vis-à-vis the current crisis of capitalism. The singularities of each type of mobilization, their struggle agendas and their ability to modify the debate around the production of rights will be analyzed. The second axis of the research aims to deepen the study of new social movements and their relationship with critical conceptions of law and forms of legal research. The critical formulations of the 1980 years (what we might call the “Latin American Critical Right”) will be articulated with the rights platform created by global movements and forums in their resistance to the changes imposed by a true “global aristocracy” (WTO). G-8 and the neoliberal consensus). We will comment on the emergence of a “critical theory of human rights” based on the comprehensiveness of rights as a specific result of these mobilizations. The last démarche refers to the current conjuncture and the emergence of a radical theory of politics and law that proposes an alternative to capitalism and its global crisis, in particular from the critique of the concept of “representation”. Finally, a debate will be held on different conceptions of justice, from liberal registration to radical theories that update the notion of justice as a result of social struggles. The ultimate goal is to provide the Forum Justice articulators with theoretical and analytical instruments that enable the group's goals to be achieved.

Thematic Sessions:


- First Period: 1978-1985 - The New Latin American Social Movements

SADER, Eder. How many new characters came into play: experiences and struggles of the workers of the great São Paulo 1970-1980. Sao Paulo: Peace and Earth, 2010 (5a reprint), pps. 09-60

- Second sentence: 1994-2001 - From Zapatism to the Struggles for Another Globalization (Altermundism)

SALAZAR DAYS.R. (org.) Justicia Global. The alternatives of the Porto Alegre Forum movements. Barcelona: Icaria, 2003
HOLLOWAY, John. Twelve Theses on Antipower. (Book Summary Changing the World Without Taking Power) There is a version translated by Eder Sader, Ed. Boitempo. sold off.
CLEAVER, Harry. The Zapatistas and the electronic web of the fight. Common Place Magazine, no. 5, Jan / Apr / 1998, pps. 139-163

- Third period: 2008 and ss.- The generalization of the “squats”. The Arab Spring, the 12M and the Occupy Movement. Resonances in Latin America: the global crisis, economic developmentism and social struggles for a new development model.

Wallerstein-What_substitute_the_socialdemocracy (1)

A decade of social movements in Bolivia, by Patricia Chávez León, Dunia Mokrani Chávez and Pilar Uriona Crespo, in the book “A decade on the move Popular profits in Latin America in the dawn of the 21st century”. Massimo Modonesi and Julián Rebón [compilers] - pg: 125 and ss
Master's thesis: (from chapter 4)
Video about water war:
Video about the gas war:

Supplementary Bibliography:

RODRIGUES BRANDÃO, C. Participating research. Sao Paulo: Brasiliense, 2006
LOPES DE SOUZA, M. & BRUCE RODRIGUES, G. Urban planning and social activism. Sao Paulo: UNESP, 2004
COCCO.G & HOPSTEIN.S (orgs.) The Crowds and the Empire: Between the Globalization of War and the Universalization of Rights. Rio de Janeiro: DP&A, 2002
HOLLOWAY, J. Zapatism and dignity In: Common sense review, vol. 22, 1997.
KLEIN, N. Reclaiming commons In: New Left Review, on 09, May / June, 2001
NEGRI, T. Chiapas and his work in the Red. In: Goodbye Mr. Socialism: The Crisis of Its Making and New Revolutionary Movements. Barcelona: Paidós Ibérica, SA, 2006
POLET, F & HOUTART, F [Eds]. The other Davos. Sao Paulo: Cortez, 2002


First period: Right found on the street; Insurgent law; Alternative law; Alternative use of law.

a) right found on the street;

TESE_2008_JoseGeraldoSJunior (Required from page 270, Chapter VI, “The Collective Subject of Law”)
dialectical humanism (text about the legal philosophy of Roberto Lyra Filho - Optional - ps: it is a good summary for those who want to deepen).
A visit to the Doxa Magazine Notebooks is suggested. Lots of good stuff, available for free. In 1984, the first edition, in which R. Lyra participates, brings contributions from various legal thinkers.

b) insurgent right;

24135779-Miguel-Lanzellotti-Baldez-About-the-Role-of-Law-in-Capitalist-Law-Insurgent Society

c) alternative right;

Ledio Rosa de Andrade. What is alternative law?
CUSTODIO, SueliSampaioD. The movement of alternative law and the redefinition of political-legal culture in the Brazilian system

e) legal pluralism.

WOLKMER, Antonio Carlos. Legal pluralism: foundations of a new culture in law. Sao Paulo: Alpha Omega, 2001.

Intermezzo: the crisis of critical theory - the rise of contemporary constitutionalism (constitutional reformism)

Second period:

a) The emergence of new rights (cultural, environmental, social, collective, reproductive and economic)

SANTOS, Bonaventure de Souza. A multicultural conception of human rights.

b) The critical theory of human rights (the comprehensiveness of human rights);

HERRERA FLORES.J. Human rights as cultural products. Criticism of the abstract humanism. Madrid: Cataract, 2005

c) The new Latin American constitutionalism - For another conception of developmentI am. The radical theory of law.

The open categories of the new Bolivian Constitution. Formation of the Plurinational State: some intellectual pathways - Salvador Schavelzon

Critical_tests_of_human_rights - Article in the book Critical Essays on Human Rights and Constitutionalism (2012), entitled: From Modern Constitutionalism to the New Decolonizing Latin American Constitutionalism (p. 127-147), by Cesar Augusto Baldi.


Legal pluralism and human rights in the Mexican indigenous experience of recent years . Jesus Antonio of La Torre Rangel

Concept and classification of property in postmodernity: the age of special properties. Jose Isaac Pilati

Third period: Post neoliberal law? Right of the ordinary?

Miscellaneous texts on the urban insurgency

The Struggle for Free Pass under the Right-Perspective of the City in the Federal District Gabriel Telesforo
CITY + FREEDOM + - + David + Harvey
Bruno Cava
free pass movement charter
Metropolis Device - The Crowd and the Metropolis - Antonio Negri
understanding the principles

Supplementary Bibliography:

BERCOVICI.G. Sovereignty and Constitution: for a critique of constitutionalism. Are
Paul: Latin Quarter, 2008
CAMACHO, VO Errancias. Apertures to live well. La Paz: Muela del Diablo, 2011
OF SOUSA SANTOS, Bonaventure (Org.). Recognize to release. The ways of multicultural cosmopolitanism. Rio de Janeiro: Brazilian Civilization, 1999
HERRERA FLORES.J. The (re) invention of human rights. Translation by Carlos Roberto Diogo Garcia, Antonio Henrique Graciano Suxberger, Jefferson Aparecido Dias. Florianópolis: Boiteux Foundation, 2009
LINERA, G. et al (eds) El Estado. Lucha Field. La Paz: Muela del Diablo, 2010
MATTEI, U. Beni communi. A manifesto. Rome: Editori Laterza, 2011
MATTEI, U. Droit du commun. In: Seminar Du public au commun. Held at the Universitè du Paris, April, 2011. Available at:
MATTEI, U & NADER, L. Il Saccheggio. Regime of legalità and trasformzioni globali. Milano: Pearson Italia, 2010
NEGRI.T. The constituent power: essay on the alternatives of modernity. Rio de Janeiro: DP&A, 2002
NEW CONSTITUTION OF STATE POLICY. Vice President of the Republic. Presidencia Del Honorable Congreso Nacional Bolivia (official publication). Matched final text, 2008.
RAJAGOPAL. B. International Law from below: development, social movements, and Third World resistance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007
RIBAS, OL Insurgent law and legal pluralism: legal advice of popular movements in Porto Alegre and Rio de Janeiro (1960-2000). Master's dissertation presented to the Federal University of Santa Catarina, 2009
SERGIO COSTA. Difference and identity: the poststructuralist critique of multiculturalism, In: Identity and globalization. Impasses and perspectives of identity and cultural diversity. LISZT.V (org.) Rio de Janeiro: Record, 2009
SCHAVELZON, SALVADOR. The Constituent Assembly of Bolivia: Ethnography of the Birth of a Plurinational State. Doctoral dissertation presented to the UFRJ National Museum in the graduate program in Social Anthropology, 2010
SOUZA NETO.CP [et al.]. Twenty years of the Federal Constitution of 1988. Rio de Janeiro: Lumen Iuris, 2009
SOUZA NETO.CP & SARMENTO.D. Social law: fundamentals, judicialization and social rights in kind. Rio de Janeiro: Lumen Iuris, 2008
SOUZA JUNIOR. José. Social movements and instituting practices of law: perspectives for socio-legal research in Brazil. Available at 15.08.2010 Access
SOUZA JR., José Geraldo de (org.). Critical Introduction to Law. Brasilia: UNB, 1993
SOUZA JR., José Geraldo de, and AGUIAR, Roberto AR de (orgs.). Critical Introduction to Labor Law - The Right Found on the Street Series. Volume II Brasilia, UnB. 1993
SOUZA JR., José Geraldo de, MOLINA, Monica Castagna and TOURINHO NETO, Fernando da Costa (orgs.). Critical introduction to agrarian law - The right found in the street. Volume III Brasilia, UnB, 2002
TOWER RANGEL, Jesus Antonio de la. Legal pluralism as a foundation for indigenous autonomy. In: WOLKMER, Antonio Carlos (Org.). Human rights and legal philosophy in Latin America. Rio de Janeiro: Lumen Juris, 2004.
_________ (Org.). Legal pluralism. San Luis Potosí: Center for Legal Studies and
Sociales P. Enrique Gutiérrez, 2007
WOLKMER, Antonio Carlos.Introduction to critical legal thinking. Sao Paulo: Saraiva, 2002.
WOLKMER, A. C Legal Pluralism: The new ways of contemporaneity. Sao Paulo: Saraiva, 2010



a) Liberalism and justice; b) Justice as a struggle (the Foucault v. Chomsky debate); c) The new radical theories of justice (the English school of radical law).

ALEXY, Robert. The fundamental outcomes in the Democratic Constitutional State. In: CARBONELL, Miguel (Org.). Neoconstitutionalism (s). Madrid: Trotta, 2003. P. 31-47.
_____. Theory of legal argumentation: the theory of rational discourse as the theory of legal justification. 2. ed. Trad. Zilda Hutchinson Schild Silva. Sao Paulo: Landy, 2005
_____. Fundamental rights theory. Trad. Virgílio Afonso da Silva. Sao Paulo: Malheiros, 2008.
CITTADINO. G. Pluralism, Law and Distributive Justice. Elements of Contemporary Constitutional Philosophy. Rio de Janeiro: Lumen Iuris, 1999
DEFERT, D; EWALD, F. [Eds] Foucault. Dits et Écrits, V. I (1954-1975). Paris: Gallimard, 2001
DOUZINAS, C. ZIZEK, S. [Ed.] The Idea of ​​Communism. London and New York: Verse, 2009
FONSECA, MA Michel Foucault and the Law. Sao Paulo: Max Limonad, 2002
FOUCAULT, M. Microphysics of Power. 16 ed. Rio de Janeiro: Grail, 2001
Habermas, Jürgen. Law and democracy: between facticity and validity. Trad. Flavio Beno Siebeneichler. Rio de Janeiro: Brazilian Time, 1997. 2. v.
NEGRI.T & HARDT.M. The work of Dionysus: for the critique of the postmodern state. State of Minas Gerais: Ed 2004
RAWLS, J. Justice and Democracy. Sao Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2002
________. Justice as Equity: A Reformulation. Sao Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2003
________. Political Liberalism. Sao Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2011
SANDEL, M. Liberalism and the limits of justice. Lisbon: Lael, 2000
SOUZA NETO, CP Constitutional theory and deliberative democracy. A study on the role of law in guaranteeing the conditions for cooperation in democratic deliberation. Sao Paulo: Renew, 2000
WALZER, M. The spheres of justice. Sao Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2003
WALZER, M. Politics and Passion: Towards a more egalitarian egalitarianism. Sao Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2008