Recognition, Redistribution and Popular Participation: Towards an Integrative Judicial Policy

DPU participates in event with social movements of Sul Fluminense

August 30st, 2018

Volta Redonda - Representatives of social movements from the southern state of Rio de Janeiro met with actors of the region's justice system at the seminar “Justice Forum in the South of Rio de Janeiro: Political Struggle and Community Organization”, which took place in Volta Redonda on 17 and 18 of August.

The event organized by the Justice Forum and supported by the Public Defenders of the Union (DPU) and the State of Rio de Janeiro resulted in the formation of Working Groups in the areas of housing, health, quilombolas, waste pickers and people in situations of disability. street, with the presentation of objectives and strategies of action in the respective areas for the next two years.

Representing DPU at the opening of the event, federal public defender Claudio Santos mentioned the latest achievement of recyclable waste pickers in Volta Redonda: the hiring by the city of cooperatives to collect, transport and sort the city's recyclable materials.

rj vr forum justica 1The defender, who is the national coordinator of the DPU Waste Pickers Working Group, emphasized the leading role of social movements in the struggle for rights. “Our mission [of the Public Defender's Office] is precisely to understand the struggles and make the realization of these rights that you are battling so hard, and many times have guaranteed in the legislation, really come true,” Claudio told an audience of over 70 people. .

Popular participation in the construction of justice was also the theme of the speech of the substitute federal judge of the 2º Special Federal Court of Volta Redonda, Mariana Preturlan. She recalled her experience as a member of the DPU, where she served for seven years before joining the judiciary. According to Preturlan, it was during her work with quilombola communities in the Ribeira Valley, in the state of São Paulo, as a federal public defender, that she had the “conviction that the construction of law and justice comes from the population”.

“There are times when these struggles intersect with the government, the judiciary, the defense, but it is only the persistence of the population in daily life that allows this to really become a public policy served. As here, in the case of the collectors who were able to access this public contract, there, in that region [of the Ribeira Valley], they also prevented a dam from destroying a traditional way of life, ”said the magistrate.

Federal public defenders José Tambasco, national coordinator of the Traditional Communities WG, and Raphael Santoro, member of the Waste Pickers WG in Belém (PA), also participated in the activities held during the two-day seminar.

Waste Pickers

According to Santos, the conquest of waste pickers in Volta Redonda is already being reflected in neighboring municipalities. In Barra do Piraí and Pinheiral, municipal administrations have already demonstrated the understanding of the need for productive inclusion of waste pickers, through direct contracting of cooperatives, in compliance with the provisions of Law 12.305 / 10, which establishes the National Policy on Solid Waste.

rj vr forum justica 4It was from the contact with the Volta Redonda cooperatives in meetings of the Justice Forum that Lídia, from the Pinheiral waste pickers movement, became aware of the rights and opportunities offered by this policy. “I met a person, a president of a cooperative here in Volta Redonda, who brought us the knowledge of our rights. 'Rights? Is waste picker entitled? Right for what? ' That was my question. Because then, when people start working, going out to the street to collect recyclables, we do it in order to meet the need, but at first we do not understand that it is a class that has a labor right, and there are not many people who tell us that, ”explained Lidia.

In addition to the groups of waste pickers in the region, the coordinator of the Jardim Gramacho Screening and Transhipment Area (ATT) coordinator, in the Baixada Fluminense, Roberta de Oliveira, and the member of the National Movement Team of Waste Pickers Recyclable Materials (MNCR) Alex Cardoso.

Quilombolas

The main obstacle identified among quilombola communities to guarantee their rights is the delay in land titling. Both in Quilombo de Santana, Quatis, and Santa Justina and Santa Izabel, Mangaratiba, there is already self-declaration certification issued by the Palmares Foundation, but the negotiations with the National Institute of Colonization and Agrarian Reform (Incra) for the regularization of territories do not advance. According to Jeferson Marques, from Quilombo de Santana, in 2019 will be 20 years since the community entered the process.

rj vr forum justica 3Without titling these areas, communities face conflicts with land grabbers, local farmers, and a host of constraints, ranging from difficult access to basic services such as health and education to blocking access to their own communities. This is the situation of the Quilombo of Santa Justina and Santa Izabel in Mangaratiba. In addition to not having a quilombola school or nearby health service, until recently, to have access to the site was necessary to walk more than three kilometers on foot. The main access road was blocked, preventing the passage of vehicles. Several public officials, including DPU, have already been embarrassed when trying to enter.

The issues raised by the quilombolas were discussed with the national coordinator of the DPU Traditional Communities WG, José Tambasco, the defender Claudio Santos and the agent of the National Indian Foundation (Funai) Cristino Machado.

Homeless population

The representative of the homeless population in Volta Redonda, Adenilton Rodrigues, stressed the importance of articulation between the sectors of civil society and the public power, in order to ensure that these people reach social assistance equipment and have access to public services. available.

Adenilton also mentioned the National Day of Struggle Population, celebrated last Sunday (19). “It really has to be celebrated, but we also have to emphasize that there were seven people killed in order to have the recognition that this population had to have at least their day, a date set so that people could say 'look, we have to fight for it, ”he said, referring to the episode known as the“ Massacre da Sé ”, which took place at 2004 in the city of São Paulo.

Health

The implementation of a system of hiring by Social Organizations (OS) in the municipal health service of Volta Redonda was one of the concerns raised by state public defender João Helvécio. To the defender, the city makes a contradictory speech saying that it is acquiring hospitals while working to change the municipal organic law and include the possibility of hiring by OS, system that, according to the defender, worked nowhere . “I think one of the goals of the health discussion goes along this line: how can we regain unity within the various Volta Redonda health study groups in the popular realm?” He said.

Home

The issue of housing in Volta Redonda was already a problem since the construction of the Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional (CSN), as the representatives of the occupation Dom Waldir, Márcia and Rosiléa recalled: “They made housing for the workers who were directly linked to it. CSN] and the engineers, the big ones. But the 'big pawn' that grated and built CSN, no one thought of them. ”

This past is reflected today in the large number of occupations around the city. Over the years, the issue led to the passage of a municipal law that allowed the regularization of land ownership of families that occupied areas as squatters. In addition, an autarchy, the Volta Redonda Community Fund (Furban), was created to promote social development through urbanization projects in popular tenure and subdivision centers.

However, not even favorable legislation allowed the solution of the housing problem in the city. "This is where economic power, along with political power, locks everything so that the poor do not have their right," said Marcia.

About the Justice Forum

The Justice Forum (FJ) presents itself as an open space for social organizations and movements, academic sectors, students, as well as public agents of the justice system and other actors who are interested in discussing justice as a public service. It is intended to stimulate the debate on judicial policy in Brazil, observing the Latin American Iberian context.

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