Recognition, Redistribution and Popular Participation: Towards an Integrative Judicial Policy

Justice Forum protests in MPF4 material and information for the procedure that deals with the indigenous of Rio Grande do Sul and the Civil-Military Dictatorship

December 12th, 2019

by Rodrigo de Medeiros Silva1

On International Human Rights Day, the Justice Forum2, articulated by the democratization of the justice system, met with the Prosecutor of the Republic Pedro Nicolau, who is at the forefront of the procedure that deals with what the Indians of Rio Grande do Sul suffered with the Civil-Military Dictatorship. On the occasion they gathered documents from the Parliamentary Committee of Inquiry (CPI) that took place at the State Legislative Assembly, in 1967 / 1968. They also suggested people to be heard, among indigenous people and missionaries who lived during that period.

The CPI documents in question bring the reality of forced leasing, evidence of misuse of resources, timber harvesting from indigenous areas and expropriation of the territories of these peoples. It even mentions companies and families involved in this wood harvesting. An important piece of information is the size of indigenous lands at the beginning of the century, which in 1968 were greatly reduced and even more so today. The opinion of the approved rapporteur, Mr Plínio Dutra, states that the size of the territories should return to what they were in 1913, namely 34.908 hectares in Nonoai; 23. 187 hectares in Guarita; 5. 859 hectares in Inhacorá; 11. 950 hectares in Serrinha; among others.

The petition The Justice Forum asks the MPF to see what the dimensions of indigenous lands were before, and to check the dimensions that are now being demarcated, to check the size of the violation suffered and what needs to be done. There are other crimes suffered during this period, contained in other documents and that can also be earned by testimonials. Attended the meeting at the Public Prosecution Service by the Justice Júlio Alt Forum (Access Citizenship and Human Rights), Roberto Liebgott (CIMI) and Rodrigo de Medeiros (RENAP)

1Renap Member, PhD in Law and Society at UniLaSalle and Master in Human Rights at UniRitter