Recognition, Redistribution and Popular Participation: Towards an Integrative Judicial Policy

Seminar on political struggle and community organization brings together social movements of the South Fluminense

August 30st, 2018

Representatives of various social movements in the southern state of Rio de Janeiro met with actors from the region's justice system at the seminar “Justice Forum in the South of Rio de Janeiro: Political Struggle and Community Organization”, which took place in Volta Redonda on 17 and 18. of August.

WhatsApp Image 2018 09-06-21.15.49 at (5)The protagonism of social movements in the struggle for rights and the construction of justice was the highlight of the first table. “Our mission [of the Public Defender's Office] is precisely to understand the struggles and make the realization of these rights that you are battling so hard, and often guaranteed in the law, really come true,” Claudio Santos told an audience of more than 70. people.

See the photos of the event by clicking here.

Deputy Federal Judge of the 2º Special Federal Court of Volta Redonda, Mariana Preturlan, recalled her experience as a member of the DPU, where she served for seven years before joining the judiciary. According to Preturlan, it was while working with quilombola communities in the Ribeira Valley, in the state of São Paulo, as a federal public defender, that she had the “conviction that the construction of law and justice comes from the population”.

In the center of the wheel, symbols of the popular struggles brought by the participants. Morning of the second day.

In the center of the wheel, symbols of the popular struggles brought by the participants. Morning of the second day.

At the second table of the day, representatives of social movements from different cities of the south of Rio de Janeiro set up a general board also addressing the specific contexts of each group.

Waste Pickers

The conquest of waste pickers in Volta Redonda is already being reflected in neighboring municipalities. In Barra do Piraí and Pinheiral, municipal administrations have already demonstrated the understanding of the need for productive inclusion of waste pickers, through direct contracting of cooperatives, in compliance with the provisions of Law 12.305 / 10, which establishes the National Policy on Solid Waste.

It was from the contact with the Volta Redonda cooperatives in meetings of the Justice Forum that Lídia, from the Pinheiral waste pickers movement, became aware of the rights and opportunities offered by this policy. “I met a person, a president of a cooperative here in Volta Redonda, who brought us the knowledge of our rights. 'Rights? Is waste picker entitled? Right for what? ' That was my question. Because then, when people start working, going out to the street to collect recyclables, we do it in order to meet the need, but at first we do not understand that it is a class that has a labor right, and there are not many people who tell us that, ”explained Lidia.

In addition to the groups of waste pickers in the region, the coordinator of the Jardim Gramacho Screening and Transhipment Area (ATT) coordinator, in the Baixada Fluminense, Roberta de Oliveira, and the member of the National Movement Team of Waste Pickers Recyclable Materials (MNCR) Alex Cardoso.

Quilombolas

The main obstacle identified among quilombola communities to guarantee their rights is the delay in land titling. Both in Quilombo de Santana, Quatis, and Santa Justina and Santa Izabel, Mangaratiba, there is already certification issued by the Palmares Foundation, but the negotiations with the National Institute of Colonization and Agrarian Reform (Incra) for the regularization of the territories advance. According to Jeferson Marques, from Quilombo de Santana, in 2019 will be 20 years since the community entered the process.

Without titling these areas, communities face conflicts with land grabbers, local farmers, and a host of constraints, ranging from difficult access to basic services such as health and education to blocking access to the community itself.

This is the situation of the Quilombo of Santa Justina and Santa Izabel in Mangaratiba. In addition to not having a quilombola school or a nearby health service, the community suffers from restrictions,

Gt Quilombolas

Gt Quilombolas

constant threats.Even even public agents of the Defenders and even Incra itself, have been embarrassed when trying to enter the site.

The issues raised by the quilombolas were discussed with the national coordinator of the DPU Traditional Communities WG, José Tambasco, the defender Claudio Santos and the agent of the National Indian Foundation (Funai) Cristino Machado.

Homeless population

The representative of the homeless population in Volta Redonda, Adenilton Rodrigues, stressed the importance of articulation between the sectors of civil society and the public power, in order to ensure that these people reach social assistance equipment and have access to public services. available.

Adenilton also mentioned the National Day of Struggle Population, celebrated on the last 19 day. “It really has to be celebrated, but we also have to emphasize that there were seven people killed in order to have the recognition that this population had to have at least their day, a date set so that people could say 'look, we have to fight for it, ”he said, referring to the episode known as the“ Massacre da Sé ”that took place at 2004 in the city of São Paulo.

Health

The implementation of a system of hiring by Social Organizations (OS) in the municipal health service of Volta Redonda was one of the concerns raised by state public defender João Helvécio. To the defender, the city makes a contradictory speech saying that it is acquiring hospitals while working to change the municipal organic law and include the possibility of hiring by OS, a system that, according to Helvécio, did not work anywhere.

"I think one of the goals of the health discussion goes along this line: how can you regain unity within the various health study groups of Volta Redonda in the popular realm?"

Home

Gt House

Gt House

The question of housing in Volta Redonda was already a problem since the construction of the Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional (CSN), as the representatives of the occupation Dom Waldir, Márcia and Rosiléa stated: “They made housing to the workers who were directly linked to it [the CSN] and the engineers, the big ones. But the 'big pawn' that grated and built CSN, no one thought of them. ”

This past is reflected today in the large number of occupations around the city. Over the years, the action of the housing struggle movements led to the approval of a municipal law that allowed the regularization of land tenure of families that occupied areas as squatters. In addition, an autarchy, the Volta Redonda Community Fund (Furban), was created to promote social development through urbanization projects in popular tenure and subdivision centers.

However, not even favorable legislation allowed the solution of the housing problem in the city. "This is where economic power, along with political power, locks everything so that the poor do not have their right," said Marcia.

Volta Redonda University TV (TVR) made the live broadcast of the event. The recording is available on TVR's YouTube channel:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZxJmNXbEBQg&t=784s