Recognition, Redistribution and Popular Participation: Towards an Integrative Judicial Policy

Launch of 1º Gender Diagnosis marks the 8 March in the Public Defender's Office of Rio

9 from March by 2018

source: DPRJ

Arlanza Rebello, public defender coordinator of NUDEM and member of the Justice Forum, debate about the research results.

Arlanza Rebello, public defender coordinator of NUDEM and member of the Justice Forum, debate about the research results.

Unpublished research conducted by the Public Defender's Office of Rio de Janeiro with its defenders and servants showed a worrying reality: 56% of the public defenders heard have experienced some negative reaction from people who seek the institution's services because they are women. 46% of them felt the same way from other professionals of the justice system.

For 59% of the advocates participating in the survey their opinions or point of view have already been minimized in working meetings. And yet: Almost half of them (48%) claimed to have been the victim of inappropriate and offensive comments during office hours. In the case of servers this percentage is 42%.

The numbers are part of the institution's 1 Diagnosis, which was attended by 405 women, being 186 public defenders and 219 servants of the Public Defender of Rio de Janeiro. Data will be presented today (8 / 3) at 18h at the Rio de Janeiro State Public Defenders Association (ADPERJ).

Still according to the survey, the vast majority of public defenders (79,5%), and most servants (66%), think that their personal lives are more affected by their profession than their male counterparts. At home, participants said they share household chores with other family members, but the responsibility, 75% of work, still weighs on them.

Another important point of the research dealt with motherhood. According to the data, 77% of defenders have children against 44% of female servers.

- Childcare was a topic brought by participants, who generally feel overwhelmed, especially when returning from maternity leave. Diagnostics points out that 52% of the defenders, and 62% of the servers experienced difficulties returning to work after leave. Many also pointed as a problem the lack of space for breastfeeding children and milk packaging in the workplace - explains DPRJ researcher Carolina Haber.

Female majority institution

Today, of the active 794 advocates, 532 are women, representing 67% of the total. In the case of 1.440 employees, 857 are women, corresponding to 59% of staff.

- Diagnosis is an important tool for institutional self-knowledge and, therefore, has a huge potential for transformation through the formulation of institutional policies specific to the female reality. This initiative is fundamental for the Public Defender's Office, the most feminine of the institutions that make up the Rio de Janeiro justice system - explains ADPERJ President Juliana Bastos Lintz.

The Diagnosis was promoted in partnership between the Public Defender's Office of Rio de Janeiro, the Defenders and Defenders' Associations, ADPERJ and ASDPERJ, and the Justice Forum.

Previous impulses

The research proposal that resulted in the 1º Gender Diagnosis was supported by previous activities that paved the way for questioning gender relations within the Public Defender's Office, which were often combined with the theme of race in a multidimensional framework. of the structures that make up the institution.

In partnership with the Women's Rights Commission of the National Association of Public Defenders - ANADEP, the Justice Forum organized the course “Strategic action for an intersectional perspective of the Public Defender's Office focused on gender and race”, on September 23 and 24. 2016. Beyond the necessary deepening that these issues deserve to have in the work of the Public Defender's Office, one of the positive balances of the course was the creation of the Brazilian Public Defender's Women's Collective. Read ADPERJ special article:

About ColetivA: CcollectiveLaunched in October of last year, the ColetivA Women Public Defenders of Brazil is a horizontal space for reflection and debate on issues related to women's rights in society. The group emerged after the realization of the difficulties faced in the institutional day-to-day, motivated by gender inequality and structural racism, which lead to distancing the decision spaces, power and perpetuation of an unequal order of things. Thus, the collective seeks to foster the strategic action of the Public Defender's Office on gender issues, from an intersectional perspective and how it relates to its assistants. To date, more than 120 public defenders have signed up for the group. In his last activity, he organized a workshop at the 13th National Congress of Public Defenders. Check out the news.

Importance of the initiative

The Justice Forum bets on the creation of collectives as a way to raise sensitive issues within the institutions of the justice system. These are groups that have the potential to promote the formation of actors on human rights issues and within which incidences are articulated with greater agility. These are spaces in which judicial policy issues and institutional disputes can be debated according to their specific bias. The Public Defender's Office has stood out as an institution at the forefront of this process, adding to the Collective the Strategic Litigation Litigation on Human Rights.

On March 08, ColetivA Rio de Janeiro of Public Defenders begins to take shape, which seeks to print locally the dynamics that have been built by ColetivA Nacional. The Justice Forum hopes that the development of this group will serve as an impetus for questioning and demanding more women in institutional leadership spaces.