Recognition, Redistribution and Popular Participation: Towards an Integrative Judicial Policy

Mariposas Amarillas: Latin American Dialogues on War and Peace in Colombia

19 January 2017

Rio de Janeiro, 16 December 2016

The Colombianxs for the Peace Collective - Rio de Janeiro is a citizen movement born in September of 2016, motivated by the current political conjuncture of Colombia and represents a working network composed of independent Colombian and Colombian immigrants, in partnership with other collectives, aimed at to support and monitor from outside the referendum and implementation of the agreement between the national government and the FARC-EP, as well as peace-building efforts through social organizations and movements in Colombia.

Victims of armed conflict, human rights defenders, universities, multilateral organizations and a group of countries that have secured the process have been permanently following this new negotiation process, which started in 2012.

The announcement of the final agreement between the parties to find a peaceful and negotiated solution to the armed conflict, which has lasted more than fifty years, was made last August 24 in the city of La Habana (Cuba). The Colombian conflict has left more than 260 1,000 dead, seven million people out of their land and thousands of victims of kidnapping, forced disappearance, sexual violence and countless other tragedies. The signing of the agreement was later formalized in the city of Cartagena de Indias through a protocol act on 26 September. The Colombian government had announced that this new agreement would be subject to popular referendum by a referendum on 2 October. In this context, the Collective added to the different citizen initiatives that emerged in Colombia and abroad to support the “YES” campaign for the peace agreement. Unexpectedly, Colombian society, by a narrow minority, has decided not to support the pact between guerrillas and government at the polls, leaving the country's political future in deep uncertainty.

Mesa discussed the impacts of the peace process in Colombia in the context of Latin America.

Mesa discussed the impacts of the peace process in Colombia in the context of Latin America.

This situation has sparked a new negotiation between the Colombian government and the FARC-EP, this time negotiating the deal from opposition criticism of the peace deal. Finally, a new peace agreement was signed on 24 in November 2016 and was endorsed by the National Congress a week later.

In this scenario, the Colombianxs for La Paz - Rio de Janeiro collective and the Institute for Research, Rights and Social Movements (IPDMS) called the interested community on a journey of dialogue and reflection. The event responded to the interest of various academic centers and social movements to know and follow the Colombian conjuncture related to the peace agreement, the plebiscite and the challenges of the post-peace agreement. From this local context, the meeting aimed to stimulate the analysis and understanding of the Colombian issue as part of a regional conjuncture that calls us to think about common processes and challenges.

* Report prepared by Juanita Cuéllar and Catalina León, based on the summaries provided by the speakers at the first table and using the notes recorded by María Camila Pinilla on the reflections of the second table.