Recognition, Redistribution and Popular Participation: Towards an Integrative Judicial Policy

2019 South-Fluminense Justice Forum Activity Report

17 January 2020

The South-Fluminense Justice Forum is an articulation integrated by civil society movements in partnership with actors in the justice system that aims to mobilize, articulate and debate with vulnerable populations collective exits in defense of the guarantee of their rights.

It has an annual agenda previously organized and meets ordinarily in the Diocesan Curia, on the third Thursday of each month, at 19:00 pm. Over the past year, the meetings took place around issues relevant to the city of Volta Redonda and region, such as the selective collection of recyclable materials, housing, solidary economy, public and quality education, health, food security, nutritional and sustainable, and the loss of social rights in the current political, economic and social situation in the municipality, the state of Rio and the country.

Selective Collection of Recyclable Materials. The selective collection agenda in Volta Redonda is focused on the fight for the execution of City Hall contracts with local waste pickers' cooperatives, as required by the National Solid Waste Law. Despite the fact that the contracts were maintained to carry out the selective collection with the three cooperatives: Cidade do Aço, Folha Verde and Reciclar VR, there is a lot of difficulty in transferring the expected resources, a situation that leads to the inability to provide the service and the lack of income for the families of workers who live off the collection. With the exception of the Folha Verde Cooperative, which paid for the rental of a truck, the other cooperatives operate in a precarious manner, making direct management of selective collection difficult. There was also no progress in structuring the warehouses so that the work could be carried out safely and with dignity. The Municipal Solid Waste Committee formed by the cooperatives, State and Federal Public Defender's Offices and the Fluminense Federal University remained active and at the end of 2019 delivered a document addressed to the mayor, asking for immediate action.

Diocesan Seminar - Taking care of our garbage: an act of love towards creation

Within the objectives of strengthening the work of selective collection and making the cooperatives of waste pickers known, and to provoke municipal administrations to comply with the National Solid Waste Law 12.305 / 2010, which ensures the right to contract the cooperatives of waste pickers and waste pickers without public bidding process, the Diocese of Barra do Piraí / Volta Redonda in partnership with the Justice Forum and the Dom Helder Network of Solidarity Economy promoted the “Diocesan Seminar - Caring for our garbage: an act of love towards creation”, on the day September 21, 2019, at the Human Promotion Center (CPH), in the municipality of Barra Mansa / RJ. 75 people from six municipalities in the region participated. Waste pickers, the main audience of the meeting, were present bringing their experiences of individual work or collective organization. They came from the municipalities of Resende, Quatis, Barra do Piraí, Pinheiral, Volta Redonda and Barra Mansa. The bishop, Dom Luiz Henrique was present and pledged to support and dialogue with public administrations on the importance of hiring cooperatives to carry out selective collection in the municipalities that make up the Diocese.

The challenge remains to consolidate selective collection in Volta Redonda in alignment with environmental education programs to be carried out directly by waste pickers through educational campaigns in direct dialogue with the population and businessmen.

Homeless people. Monitoring of the demands of homeless people was maintained, in a joint action with the Federal Public Defender's Office (DPU). Most of the homeless population is served by the Volta Redonda Municipal Social Action Secretariat in public facilities (hostels). However, it is necessary to support them, especially so that they are guaranteed the rights to housing, education, work, removal of civil documents and return to their relatives, especially for those who wish to reintegrate and are able to locate relatives.

Quilombolas. Also in conjunction with the DPU, the Justice Forum participated in the 17st Seminar to launch the Project: Eu Tem Direito, which aims to mobilize, articulate and support the organization of quilombola communities in the South Fluminense and Costa Verde regions. The seminar took place in Quilombo São José da Serra, in the municipality of Valença, on November 2019, XNUMX and was attended by quilombola communities from Rio Claro, Quatis, Mangaratiba, Angra dos Reis, Parati, Valença, among others.

Home. Support for the Dom Valdir Calheiros occupation, in the Belmonte neighborhood, was maintained in its demands for the installation of the sanitation network (water and sewage) and the connection with the houses. The City Hall started construction in the last quarter of the year.

Cheers. The articulation of the FJ managed to re-elect a full councilor from the Municipal Health Council (member of the Health Forum).

Land and territory. Settled workers from the Agrarian Reform of Piraí sought support from the FJ for the restructuring of the Pastoral Land Commission (CPT), in the Diocese of Barra do Piraí / Volta Redonda.

Solidarity economy. The Justice Forum accompanied and supported the holding of the III Volta Redonda Solidarity Economy Festival, which took place from August 9 to 10, 2019. The Festival enabled conversations with young workers from public schools, exchange of experiences with educators from the Program Mumbuca Futuro, public policy of the Municipality of Maricá, and with the Social Organization Agência Solano Trindade of São Paulo, promoted the commercialization of products and services from the countryside and the city together with artisans, family farmers of organic and processed foods and included cultural presentations city ​​and neighboring municipalities.

Food and Nutritional and Sustainable Security. It is considered a transversal and urgent theme in face of the reality of food and nutritional insecurity that are increasingly present, especially in the current context of (de) government of Brazil, which had as one of the first acts the dismantling of the National Council for Food and Nutritional Security - CONSEA . To counter this reality, the FJ built the Seminar "Food and Nutrition Security and Traditional Peoples", held on May 31, 2019 at the Telecommunications Workers Union - SINTTEL, Rio de Janeiro / RJ. The event was attended by quilombolas, indigenous people, traditional fishermen, people from terreiros and gypsies. Among the participants, we had an important speech by the DPE Ombudsman General, Pedro Strozemberg, who highlighted the importance of mobilization and collective organization to go in search of their rights. At the end, the event decided on the participation of traditional peoples to be present at the V State Conference.

Following, we were present at the 3rd Preparatory Meeting for the V State Conference on Sustainable Food and Nutritional Security: Sovereignty and Food and Nutritional Security: Everyone's Right, which took place on 28/08/2019, in Auditorium 11 of the Maracanã campus of UERJ. The event presented experiences of Food and Nutritional Security in the municipalities of Baixada Fluminense and the city of Rio and discussed the current situation of the Human Right to Adequate Food. Organized by the National Food Security Council of Rio de Janeiro, in partnership with the Center for Community Action and support from the University, the meeting advanced in preparation for the 4th State Conference on Food and Nutritional Security, held on the 5th, 6th and 2019th of December XNUMX at UERJ. The conference, which takes place every four years, aims to expand and strengthen political commitments to promote food sovereignty, guaranteeing everyone the human right to adequate food.

Mercosur Forum: Other Transforming Economies

Still in the field of mobilization and articulation with other movements and social organizations, we built in partnership and participated on November 29 and 30, 2019, in the Mercosur Forum: Other Transforming Economies, which took place at the Marielle Franco Cultural Canvas located on Barra beach in Maricá and UFRJ, Fundão campus, Rio de Janeiro / RJ. The activity was preparatory to the World Social Forum on Transformative Economies that will take place from 25 to 28 June 2020, in Barcelona, ​​Spain.

400 people participated. In addition to the Brazilians, we had countries from Latin America and Europe, including: Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina, Venezuela, Bolivia, Ecuador and France. At a time when peoples and countries are being attacked by neoliberal capitalism, we are experiencing great harmony and recharging the batteries that motivate us to continue fighting. The Justice Forum was a partner in this construction. He was present with 25 representatives of collectives and social organizations of young workers students from the public school system (elementary and university education), solid waste collectors and popular educators who work in the movements of Agroecology, Solidarity Economy and Youth Christian Workers - JOC.

This Forum enabled exchanges and exchanges of knowledge, flavors, rhythms and languages ​​and connected countryside and city, traditional peoples and communities, indigenous and urban tribes, through the feminist, youth and agroecology bias, which build new economies. Another world is possible, it already happens and we identify and see ourselves in it!

Finally, the FJ participated in the public hearing of the DPU for accountability for the year 2019 that took place in the auditorium of UFF-Volta Redonda. Were present, waste pickers and solid waste pickers, quilombolas, street population, as well as government secretaries from the municipality of Volta Redonda, from the State Public Defender Luciene Torres, among others.

General Review of FJ – VR actions in 2019, held on December 10, International Human Rights Day, in the Diocesan Curia.

  1. Of the advances identified, which segments and flags of struggles were the most strengthened?

Several actions were mentioned that had the involvement of the members of the Justice Forum as examples of progress in community organization in the city of Volta Redonda, in addition to those listed above. Among them, the Municipal Health Conference; activities to support the solidarity economy; the Canudo Azul Project, which discusses and proposes concrete actions of education and environment with the youth of students from public schools in Pinheiral and Volta Redonda, the FJ audience with the newly arrived bishop in the Diocese and his commitment to support waste pickers and waste pickers and allowing the presence of the FJ in the Curia to continue; the success of the popular mobilization that contributed to the permanence of the servants assigned to the DPU; Lula's release; the maintenance of the selective collection management committee; the presence and contributions of the Faith and Politics Movement in the organization of popular movements in the region; listening to young people in elementary and university education, working together with the InTECSOL / UFF Incubator and the JOC to train new militants; the presence of movements to fight for land at FJ meetings. These processes contributed to the grassroots organization and builds new bonds of friendship, respecting the autonomy of each group.

  1. What are the challenges found to strengthen our actions based on the flags of struggles we defend?

Those present evaluated that the selective collection cooperatives did not manage to go very far even when they were hired by the City Hall and that it is necessary to add more efforts to strengthen them. In the field of the struggle for land, the existence of false propaganda of false scriptures has been raised, leaving the squatters more vulnerable. There is also the challenge of the Justice Forum, at the national level, of being able to integrate the popular demands of the interior more, with the formation of a strong group with DPE, DPU schools of Public Defenders, Universities in a new project that can develop more actions in these locations .

  1. How and where do we want to act in 2020? Which actions do we point out as the most important for FJ-VR?

The following tasks were indicated as priorities: dialogue with the population and clarify the importance of selective collection; involve young workers who are out of schools; support so that the cooperatives of recyclable material obtain an adequate space; giving time and power to women in selective collection; debate and face the challenges of having OSs in the direction of public hospitals in the municipality; encourage the union of the left; charge the public administration to ensure the right to work of selective collection cooperatives, mainly of the Cooperative Cidade do Aço; promote public hearings to charge public managers to guarantee workers' rights; strengthen the youth's struggle for public and quality education; maintain the FJ's meeting space in the Curia; rescue the struggle for land and the construction of the CPT; act on the peripheries with the population; strengthen the struggle of quilombolas. The construction of the FJ-VR action project for 2020 should take into account the set of reflections above and the proposals to, as far as possible, strengthen it to the struggles and articulations of local, regional, state and national.