Recognition, Redistribution and Popular Participation: Towards an Integrative Judicial Policy

The Latin American Justice System is debating at the International Seminar in Rio de Janeiro.

13 of April of 2015

The Latin American Justice System is debating at the International Seminar in Rio de Janeiro.

The Justice Forum organizes the seminar “Latin American Judicial Policy in a Public Defender's Perspective” and a meeting of social movements and legal organizations in Latin America to discuss access to justice, popular participation and the challenges of the region. .

The seminar “Latin American Judicial Policy from a Public Defender's Perspective” was held at the Museum of the Republic (Rio de Janeiro), on 7 and May 8 days. This seminar will be characterized by a dialogue and an exchange of experiences on various topics about justice and public defender in Latin America. The days of debate will count on the participation of advocates, academics, jurists and experts from six countries, which will focus on the issues related to the Judiciary in Latin America, the institutions that make it up and achieve them. The debate also addressed the theme of the model of integrative justice, public participation, access to justice and the challenges in the region.

The first day, May 07 May, beginning with the panel “Judicial Policy and Access to Justice in Latin America: the Ibero-American Judicial Summit and the Democratic Functioning of the Justice System” in a discussion of the “model of integrative justice” . During the activities, the working groups would recogi - gate the ideas and offer them on the topics discussed, so that they will be presented to the public later. The main exhibitions developed a general diagnosis applicable to Latin America, based on the political and legal situation in the region. The debate also addresses essential questions about the structure of the Judicial System, the ways of access to justice and the institutional dialogue with other countries and regions of the world. “It's a very important confluence point for the region. A great opportunity to express the perspectives and criticisms of the Public Defender's Office, and to create contacts with different ways of thinking about justice, ”says Breno Bringel, Doctor of the Faculty of Political Science and the Sociology of the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM) and one of the opponents of the seminar.

During the presentations it was much that was discussed about the Latin American reality and social exclusion, factors that contribute to the reflection on the need for a profound transformation of society. In the first day, the organizations, movements and social groups brought together in the seminar were aware of the violations suffered by the spread Jandira Feghalli (PC of B), May 6; and directed a letter repudiating the actions of physical and psychological violence committed by the deputies Roberto Freire (PPS) and Alberto Fraga (DEM) within the National Congress.

As a general result of the discussion, will be enumerated the proposals intended to promote the democratization of the justice system and guarantee the fundamental outcomes, regardless of the individual volunteer of the judges, prosecutors and public defenders. The purpose is to create a social movements, teachers and civil justice network to discuss innovative mechanisms with the potential in the region, to stimulate and increase popular participation in policy formulation, follow-up, evaluation and review. the public justice system.

The next day may 8 of May, commenced with the “Model of Popular Development and Participation, Innovative Mechanisms in the Justice System” presented by the working group, who discussed and proposed on the subject. Participants will discuss the Integrated System of Justice and its functions, as it will observe across different aspects of intersectionality (gender, reason, ethnicity, etc.); be aware of the traditions, experiences and particularities of indigenous peoples; Reconnect the Faculties of Derecho as institutions that form part of the justice system; commit to transparency; to reconnect institutional spaces to civil society organizations to conform to the judicial policy of the bodies of the justice system and to produce coordinated actions with these same agencies. The community proposes strategic actions such as mechanisms to foster public awareness of the political and legal operation of the institutions, and the commitment of its members to ensure the effectiveness of the funds, and the understanding by the professionals of the outcome on them. strengthening of legal pluralism and forms of conflict resolution between indigenous and traditional peoples, among others. It also stood out for its defense of functional, administrative and presuppository independence of the institutions, with the affirmative vote on the approval of the support of the Public Defenders as a whole for its autonomy, and, specifically, the approval of its support. Public Defender of the Union and the effective implementation of the Public Defender of the State of Goiás.

The seminar, too, opened space for the debate on the proposals for organizing the campaign for a Regional Convention on Access to Justice, in the form of discussion, finding that historically the institutions of the justice system have been the majority of the population and sirven the model of development that violates derechos and excluye. It turned out that it would require the creation of participation spaces for the most vulnerable groups, popular movements, the management of the institutions of the justice system and the performance of their functions.

According to Gladys Acosta Vargas, a feminist lawyer, founder of Flora Tristán / Peru and member of the CEDAW / UN Committee, “the process of discussion in the regional area is the international bell. The presence of social movements is very important, on the ground by the space bell by the presence that they have. The processes are contagious and will influence, however, without a doubt, they must have in mind the complexity of the legal processes ”. The lawyer, expert in Criminal Stress and Criminology, Ana Isabel Garita Vilchez, also a UN consultant, stressed that “With the experience of political participation in the administration and operation of international organizations, it denotes the importance of the instrumentation of them. and thus creating the possibility of raising the values ​​of justice, compensation, truth and constitutional milestones. ”To end the debate, Rosane Reis Lavigne presented the following caution to the forum:“ It would be possible to guarantee a model of integrative justice , responsible and inclusive, that supports the funds and keeps them in the midst of political and institutional crisis and / or the reduction of the gains achieved? This rectum will lead us to continue the debate in the form of a network, involving social movements, academic institutions and state agencies ”.

In this way, the seminar “Latin American Judicial Policy in a Public Defender's Perspective”, “shares the perception that the democratic function of justice is an important theme for the Latin American region, considering it as a space for political discussion to guarantee , the advance and the backlash in the matter of human rights. In this sense, the Public Defender has an important role in the promotion of exchange in the institutional mechanisms of access to justice within the institution itself, in dialogue with different actors and institutions of government and groups in situations of vulnerability.

Justice Forum has the support of the Ford Foundation, the Secretariat of Legislative Affairs and the Secretariat of the Judicial Reform of the Ministry of Justice of Brazil, the National Association of Public Defenders - ANADEP and the UN Women. For this Seminar, it also contains the support of the Block of Official Public Defenders of Mercosur - BLODEPM, the Public Defender of the State of Rio de Janeiro and the Museum of the Republic.


Seminar “Latin American Judicial Policy in a Public Defender's Perspective”

May 07 and 08 from mayo

From 9h - 19h

Republic Museum: Rua do Catete, 153, Catete. Rio de Janeiro - RJ)


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Victor de Oliveira

(21) 97301-2512